3 options trading myths about aids
This has been contested by many civil society and human rights organisations, arguing that it is a step backwards for Botswana and could contribute towards increased HIV stigma and discrimination within the country. HIV self-testing has not yet been introduced in Botswana. HIV testing is restricted to government-approved testing centres and can only be done under the supervision of a trained professional. The number of annual new HIV infections in Botswana has gone down from 15, in to 10, in , but a lot more remains to be done.
However, condom use has decreased over time, from Botswana is struggling to challenge the misconceptions surrounding HIV prevention and transmission, which sometimes challenge cultural beliefs pervasive in many areas of the country. Different strategies have evolved since then. One of the most successful programmes is the teacher-capacity building programme launched in by the Ministry of Health and UNDP. Since its inception, Talk Back has reached more than 20, teachers and , students.
Makgabaneng, a popular, long-running radio drama, is another example of how Botswana has used mass media for HIV prevention. The series addresses themes related to HIV, such as faithfulness, cultural traditions, treatment and services.
Makgabaneng also provides HIV services and information at roadshows and health fairs, reaching more than 20, people in There is low coverage of the life skills programme, which includes sex education. There is also a shortage of trained personnel at both regional and school levels for proper implementation of Life Skills comprehensive sexuality-based education.
In , the PMTCT programme was available in all health facilities that provide maternal child health services. The estimated percentage of HIV infections among newborns from HIV-positive women delivering in the past 12 months was 1. This equates to fewer than infants. Botswana has registered the branded drug Truvada and is pursuing generic registration. Botswana's antiretroviral treatment ART programme launched in The key characteristics of the programme are that it is universal and free, making ART available to all eligible citizens.
Botswana was the first African country to establish a national HIV treatment programme and it developed substantially over its first decade. This aims to start anyone who tests positive for HIV on treatment immediately, regardless of their CD4 count which indicates the level of the virus in the body.
Although data is limited, transmitted drug resistance TDR in Gaborone, Botswana, is estimated to have increased from 2. Civil society in Botswana has become more robust since the s but is still perceived as weak in terms of influencing policy. The sector remains largely dependent on government funding. From to Botswana was one of the fastest growing economies in the world, and one of the most stable democracies in Africa.
Alongside the national response to HIV, many civil society organisations are playing a vital role in providing HIV testing and support services. They have also played a critical role in advocating for improved HIV services, especially for marginalised populations such as sex workers.
Representing these groups, however, has been difficult: Botswana has a high burden of tuberculosis TB , with an incidence rate of per , in A strong and committed national response has ensured that many HIV programmes have been effectively implemented. However, like many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, barriers exist that are impeding progress in the HIV response. One of the greatest threats to HIV prevention in Botswana is the withdrawal of funding from international donors — others are gender inequality and legal barriers.
Gender inequality in Botswana is a major barrier to HIV prevention efforts. In several policies were introduced to reduce discrimination in access to healthcare services.
However, as of no policies have been brought in to protect sex workers and men who have sex with men and homosexuality is still illegal for both men and women. Widespread stigma and discrimination around HIV are significant issues in Botswana, causing many people to avoid getting tested for HIV or seek healthcare services.
Key findings included that mainly due to their HIV status: Financial security and sustainability are critical if Botswana is to continue providing the highly successful universal access to ART treatment programme. To address this funding shortfall, in Botswana produced a national HIV investment framework that promotes effective, efficient and sustainable investments in their HIV responses by targeting specific locations and populations.
Continuing this approach will be critical in the years ahead, though challenging in the face of significant financial cuts to HIV funding and support. You cannot get HIV from insects. When an insect such as a mosquito bites you it sucks your blood — it does not inject the blood of the last person it bit. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which means that the infection can only be passed on between humans.
HIV can only survive for a really short amount of time outside of the body. There is only a slightly increased risk if a woman being given oral sex is HIV positive and is menstruating. However, you can always use a dental dam to eliminate these risks. There is only a risk if the needle used by the professional has been used in the body of an HIV-infected person and not sterilised afterwards.
However, most practitioners are required to use new needles for each new client. There are lots of urban rumours about ways that you can protect yourself from HIV — from showering after sex or taking the contraceptive pill to having sex with a virgin. Some people choose to take alternative forms of medicine, such as herbal remedies, as a natural way of treating HIV. However, herbal remedies do not work.
The only way you can stay healthy when living with HIV is to take antiretroviral treatment as prescribed by your doctor or healthcare worker, and to attend viral load monitoring appointments to make sure they are working for you.
No, HIV is not always passed on from an infected person. There are lots of reasons why this is the case. For example, if the HIV-positive person is on treatment it will reduce the amount of HIV in their body meaning it is unlikely to be passed on. Some people are more vulnerable to HIV infection if they engage regularly in certain activities e.
There are many strains of the HIV virus. If you get infected with two or more strains of HIV it can cause problems for your treatment.
If you are on effective treatment and a medical professional has confirmed your viral load is undetectable, you will not pass HIV on through sex. The symptoms of HIV can differ from person-to-person and some people may not get any symptoms at all.